Fay Fuller – First Woman to Summit Mt. Rainier

Famous for: Fay Fuller reached the summit of Mount Rainier, August 9, 1890.

Also notable for: Her role as a founding member of the Washington Alpine Club.

Lived: 1869 – 1958


Fay Fuller

Fay Fuller

In the summer of 1887, just five years after her family left the East Coast to resettle in Tacoma, Fay Fuller age 17, made it her goal to someday climb Mount Rainier. Evidently her first trip to Paradise inspired her to want to someday climb to the summit of the great peak; and to boldly go where no woman has gone before. Three years later, Fay was on her way to summiting the 14,411-foot mountain.

With a charcoal blackened face and donning goggles; Fuller intent on reaching the summit on her own accord refused assistance from her climbing partners.

Philemon Van Trump, who along with General Hazard Stevens in 1870 became the first persons to summit Rainier, invited Fay, now a teacher and journalist living in Yelm, to an outing at the mountain in August of 1890. There he granted Fuller permission to join a summit-bound climbing party headed by Reverend Ernest C. Smith. On August 9th, Fuller, dressed in flannel underwear, a thick flannel bloomer suit, woolen hose, heavy calfskin boy’s shoes with caulks, and a small straw hat-an arrangement she described as immodest, set off with her climbing party.

They were joined that evening at Camp Muir by Leonard Longmire. At 4:30 a.m. the next morning, Fuller accompanied by Smith, Longmire, W. O. Amsden, and Robert R. Parrish, set off for the summit. With a charcoal blackened face and donning goggles; Fuller intent on reaching the summit on her own accord refused assistance from her climbing partners. Dodging rock fall and making use of a single rope, they slowly ascended steep slopes of ice and snow. At 4:00 pm, they reached the summit. Fay Fuller age 20 became the first woman known to summit Mount Rainier. She described standing on top of Washington’s iconic summit as a heavenly moment and a sensation that can only be known to those who have reached such heights.

Her party opted to spend the night on the summit since it was too late in the day to safely descend. They hunkered down in an ice cave created by steam vents. Contending with strong sulfuric odors and feeling nauseous from altitude sickness, Fuller was surprisingly able to get some sleep. At 6:30 a.m. facing gale winds and treacherous icy slopes, they made a slow and dangerous, but successful descent. They spent five days afterward at Paradise recovering from the climb; particularly from severe wind and sun burn.

Fuller would continue to be inspired by the Mountain and go on to champion woman climbers and advocate mountaineering. She wrote much about the Mountain and mountaineering and helped founded several climbing clubs, including the Washington Alpine Club in 1891 and the Portland-based Mazamas in 1894 (formed while on Oregon’s Mount Hood). In 1897 she would again climb Rainier, and spend the night there once again. Fuller died in 1958 at the age of 88. Fay Peak overlooking Mowich Lake is named in honor of her.

About The Author

Craig Romano

Since relocating from New Hampshire to Washington State in 1989, award winning guidebook author Craig Romano has thoroughly hiked the Evergreen State. He has logged over 17,000 miles on the trail from the San Juan Islands to the Salmo-Priest Wilderness. And he has hiked nearly every trail within Mount Rainier National Park, one of his absolute favorite places. An avid hiker, Craig counts running, paddling, cycling, and protecting natural areas also among his passions. Content provider for Hikeoftheweek.com, Craig has also written for over two dozen publications. Author of nine guidebooks and co-author of four other books, Craig is one of the most prolific trails writers in the Northwest. He is currently working on 100 Classic Hikes in Washington (Mountaineers Books) which includes many Mount Rainier area hikes. His Columbia Highlands, Exploring Washington’s Last Frontier, was recognized in 2010 as a Washington Reads book for its contribution to Washington’s cultural heritage. Visit him at http://CraigRomano.com and on Facebook at “Craig Romano Guidebook Author.”

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